MIS308 Tree Pruning

Member Price:

Non-Member Price:

NZ-wide Shipping:

$46

$55

$11.50

All prices in NZD inc GST

This book is one in a series of Minimum Industry Standards produced by Arboriculture Australia Ltd and the New Zealand Arboricultural Association in consultation with the national arboriculture community in both countries. These industry peer-reviewed documents provide a ‘body of knowledge’ which is shared by practitioners and can be used as the basis for training, dissemination of skills and professional development.


This document covers the work task of tree pruning, including a brief summary of the underpinning knowledge necessary to select and perform suitable pruning operations to achieve a variety of objectives. This document is not a ‘standalone’ document, and must be read in conjunction with other Minimum Industry Standards which describe safe arboricultural work practices.


Contents:


Pruning trees 

  • Introduction to tree pruning

  • How to use this Minimum Industry Standard 


1: Pruning considerations 


Tree health considerations 

  • The tree as a living organism

  • Tree species

  • Foliage retention: loss of photosynthetic material 

  • Tree growth habits 

  • Pruning impacts: physiological impacts 

  • Compartmentalisation and barriers to decay 

  • Occlusion 

  • Age and health of tree 

  • Pruning objectives by age class 

  • Biosecurity and transmission of pathogens 

  • Examples of transmissible tree diseases 

  • Timing of pruning operations 


Tree structural considerations 

  • The tree as a biomechanical structure 

  • Axiom of uniform stress 

  • Thigmomorphogenesis 

  • Strategy of flexibility 

  • Foliage distribution 

  • Foliage distribution: torsional failure 

  • Foliage distribution: mass damping 

  • Foliage distribution: interconnectedness and environmental exposure 

  • Growth habit and structure 

  • Branch and stem attachment 

  • Strength of branch and stem unions 

  • Co-dominant stems 

  • Crossing or rubbing branches 

  • Natural bracing 

  • Epicormic shoots 


Ecological considerations 

  • The tree as a keystone structure 

  • The ecological value of deadwood 

  • Retention of habitat 


2: Pruning operations 

  • Pruning specifications 


R: Reduction pruning

  • Crown reduction


T: Crown thinning 


AC: Asset clearance 

  • Asset clearance: vegetation management around electrical conductors 

  • Vegetation management around utility infrastructure 


C: Crown lifting 


RA: Risk abatement pruning 

  • Risk abatement pruning practices 

  • D: Deadwood removal 

  • Retaining deadwood in mature and veteran trees 

  • WR: branch or stem weight reduction 

  • Weight reduction: thinning 

  • Weight reduction: reduction pruning 

  • Pruning classes for weight reduction 

  • Weight reduction pruning techniques 


H: Remedial pruning 


RT: Retrenchment pruning 

  • Developing a retrenchment plan 

  • Example retrenchment pruning plan: exotic species 

  • Example retrenchment pruning plan: typical Australian species 


F: Formative pruning 


SP: Structural pruning 


ER: Epiphyte / parasite and vine removal 


P: Pollarding 


PP: Palm pruning 


Poor pruning practices 

  • Lopping and topping 

  • Flush cutting 

  • Wound painting 


3: Conducting pruning 


Tree pruning permits and tree protection laws 


Tools and equipment for tree pruning 


Biosecurity measures 

  • Clean On / Clean Off procedure


Tree access for pruning 


Making pruning cuts 

  • Bad working positions 

  • Good working positions 

  • Pruning cut sequence 

  • Cut sequence and branch behaviour 


Pruning cuts 

  • Branch reduction cuts 

  • Examples of incorrect branch reduction cuts 

  • Stem reduction cuts 

  • Branch removal cuts (living branches) 

  • Branch removal cuts (deadwood) 

  • Fracture pruning and coronet cuts 

  • Fracture pruning 

  • Fracture pruning techniques 

  • Coronet cuts 

  • Coronet cut techniques 

  • Root pruning 


Completing tree works

  • Processing debris 

  • Completion of works 


The care of trees 

NZ Arboricultural Association​

1/23 Alma St, Buxton Sq, Nelson

PO Box 1193, Nelson 7040

04 472 6330

info@nzarb.org.nz

  • Facebook - White Circle
  • Instagram - White Circle

© NZ Arboricultural Association 2020 – All rights reserved |

Website by OnCue Conferences & Association Solutions